One God, One
The Bible picture of God. The loving Father. The obedient Son. One in Spirit.
The Son of God Receives
Son inherits all things from His Father.
Authority, creative power, everlasting life, His Father's name, children, priesthood and judgment.
"Looking unto Jesus we see that it is the glory of our God to give. 'I do nothing of Myself,' said Christ; 'the living Father hath sent Me, and I live by the Father.' 'I seek not Mine own glory,' but the glory of Him that sent Me. John 8:28; 6:57; 8:50; 7:18. In these words is set forth the great principle which is the law of life for the universe. All things Christ received from God, but He took to give. So in the heavenly courts, in His ministry for all created beings: through the beloved Son, the Father's life flows out to all; through the Son it returns, in praise and joyous service, a tide of love, to the great Source of all. And thus through Christ the circuit of beneficence is complete, representing the character of the great Giver, the law of life." Desire of Ages p. 21.2, 1898
|God has spoken to us by His Son whom He has appointed heir of all things.
the heir, let us kill him."
Jesus identified Himself as God's heir in this parable.
|All things are delivered unto me of my Father (see also Luke 10:22)
|All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth
|The Father loves the Son, and has given all things into his hand
Christ received His equality and position from His Father through inheritance.
"The Father then made known that it was ordained by Himself that Christ His Son, should be equal with Himself; so that wherever was the presence of His Son, it was as His own presence. The word of the Son was to be obeyed as readily as the word of the Father. His Son He had invested with authority to command the heavenly host." EG White, Story of Redemption, p. 13.
"Our great Exemplar was exalted to be equal with God. " 2 Testimonies, p. 426.
"The Scriptures clearly indicate the relation between God and Christ, and they bring to view as clearly the personality and individuality of each. [Hebrews 1:1-5 quoted] God is the Father of Christ; Christ is the Son of God. To Christ has been given an exalted position. He has been made equal with the Father. All the counsels of God are opened to His Son." EGW, 8T 268 1904
"The King of the universe summoned the heavenly hosts before Him, that in their presence He might set forth the true position of His Son and showed the relation He sustained to all created beings." PP p. 36
God the Father is the great Giver, the great Source of all. He has given all things to Christ, His Son.
gives Life to His Son
Father "has given to the Son to have life (zoen) in Himself"...
"as the Father has life in Himself"
Greek uses three words to
express our English concept of life: zoe, bios and psuche.
These appear in our English words for zoo, biology, and psyche.
Bios, biosis, biotikis is reserved for "the things of this common early life"
|The seed is choked by the cares of this life (bios)
|the affairs of this life (bios)
|the things that pertain to this life (bios)
those in authority that we may have
a quiet and peaceful life (bios) in this world.
|The pride of life (bios) is not of the Father.
|drunkenness and cares of this life (bios)
Scripture uses zoe
almost exclusively to indicate immortal, eternal life;
the life Jesus had and gives to us.
|What shall I do to inherit eternal life (zoe)?
|If you will enter into life (zoe) keep the commandments
|In Him was life (zoe)
"'In him was life, and the life was the light of men.' It is not physical life that is here specified, but immortality, the life which is exclusively the property of God." 5SDABC 1130; 1SM p. 296.
|Jesus is the Prince of life (zoe)
|He came that we might have life (zoe), not just physical life, but eternal life!
Jesus gives this life to His creatures
but one Lord, Jesus Christ,
through whom all things came and through whom we live
"All created things live by the will and power of God. They are dependent recipients of the life of the Son of God....All the human beings in our world take their life from Him. He is the spring, the fountain of life." 5SDABC p. 1113, Manuscript 131, 1897.
The Father's life flows through the beloved Son out to all created beings.
|Thus, the Son lives by the Father
He (God the Father) has put all things under his (the Son's) feet.
But when he saith all things are put under him,
it is manifest that He (God the Father) is excepted,
which did put all things under him.
And when all things shall be subdued unto him,
then shall the Son also himself be subject unto Him that put all things under him (Son), that God (the Father) may be all in all.
Thus, Jesus is Ruler
over all (except His Father).
He is still subject to His Father who is God over all.
The Father is the Source of all things,
the absolute highest authority, even above His Son.
|The head of Christ is God
is the head of the church…
that in all things He might have the preeminence.
Father Gives His Power to the Son
God endowed His Son with all the rights, privileges, power and authority of the Godhead
|All power is given unto Me in heaven and in earth (from the Father)
|upholding all things by the word of His (the Father's) power
|You [Father] have given him [Jesus Christ] power over all flesh
|For in him dwells all the fullness of the Godhead bodily
|For it pleased the Father that in him should all fullness dwell
|Jesus received of His Father authority to rule over the nations with a rod of iron
|The Father has given the Son authority to execute judgment
Jesus then used the power from His Father to create all things.
|The Father Created all things by the Word, His Son, Jesus Christ
|In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth
|2 Pet 3:5
word of God the heavens were of old
and the earth standing out of and in the water
the world and all things therein,
seeing that he is Lord of heaven and earth
God, the Lord,
the Creator of the ends of the earth faints not, neither is weary
that created the heavens;
God himself that formed the earth and made it
The Father accomplished all this creative work by or through His Son, the Word of God.
|God…created all things by Jesus Christ
|God…spoke to us by His Son…by whom he made the worlds
|All things were made by [the Word]; and without him was not any thing made
word of the LORD were the heavens made;
all the hosts…by the breath of His mouth
|[Christ] upholds all things by the word of his power
|there is but…one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things and we by him
|and all things were created by Him and for Him
|[Christ] …by Him all things consist
|For in 6 days the Lord made heaven and earth
glory to Him…
and worship Him that made heaven and earth and the sea
|Worship Him that lives for ever and ever…for you have created all things
Thus, the Father, LORD Jehovah, is honored as Creator and Saviour by the works of His Son.
|I am the
LORD, and there is none else, there is no God beside me…
I form the light and create darkness…
Woe to him that strives with his Maker…
I have made the earth, and created man upon it:
the LORD that created the heavens;
God himself that formed the earth and made it
I am the LORD; and there is none else…
I the LORD and there is no God else beside me;
a just God and a Saviour; there is none beside me…
I am God, and there is none else.
First Born Beginning of Creation
Scripture applies certain titles to Christ that describe His position and status. One of these is
Rev 1:14___He is the Amen, the true witness, the beginning (Gr. arche) of the creation of God
The Greek word, arche,
is translated differently depending on whether it refers to a person, a thing,
For example, it is translated corner when applied to a square object.
Acts 10:11_Peter saw a great sheet knit at the four corners (arche) let down
When describing a period
of time (preceded by a preposition) it is translated beginning or "at the first."
Notice there are several different beginning times in which arche is used:
|Beginning of the Christ's Ministry
|from the beginning we were eyewitnesses and ministers of the word
|Who are you? Jesus said, The same I said unto you from the beginning
|Jesus said to them, You have been with me from the beginning
|These things I said not to you at the beginning because I was with you
|salvation was at the first began to be spoken by the Lord
|Beginning of the Christian Church
|the Holy Spirit fell on them as it did on us at the beginning
|Paul says: in the beginning of the gospel I departed from Macedonia
|God has from the beginning chosen you to salvation through the Spirit
|from the beginning which we heard and saw with our own eyes
|an old commandment which you had and heard from the beginning
|you have known Him from the beginning
abide in you that which you have heard from the beginning
1Jn 3:11, 2Jn 1:5,6
|Beginning of Angelic Creatures
|the devil was a murderer from the beginning
|angels which kept not their first estate but left their habitation
|Beginning of the Creation of the World
|In the beginning was the Word...all things were created by him
|He that made them at the beginning made them male and female
|from the beginning of the creation God made them male and female
|Moses gave you divorce, but from the beginning it was not so
|Great Tribulation...not since the beginning of the world
|the Lord in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth
|not from the beginning of the creation which God created
|all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation
Now notice that in Rev 1:14 there is no preposition to indicate we are dealing with time.
Rev 1:14___He is the Amen, the true witness, the beginning of the creation of God (Gr. arche)
The "beginning", the arche,
in this case is the Amen, the true witness, He is a person.
This is the only text where arche is translated "beginning" when referring to a person.
All other occurrences render it "ruler", "magistrate", or "principality" in the sense that it is a Leader.
|when they bring you unto magistrates and powers
|that they might deliver [Jesus] unto the power of the governor
|Jesus shall put down all rule and all authority and power
|Nothing can separate us...nor principalities nor powers...
|Jesus is raised above all principality and power...
|now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly places
|we war against principalities against powers against the rulers...
|All things were created by Him...or principalities or powers...
|the head of all principality and power
|having spoiled principalities and powers
|be subject to principalities and powers to other magistrates
So we have two possibilities
a beginning point in time or a power, ruler, principality person.
|Col 1:18, as translated in the KJV, seems to mix both concepts together
|He is the
head of the body, the church,
the beginning (arche), the firstborn from the dead
This text includes
three titles: the head, the arche, the firstborn, all related to a person,
Considering His title as Head of the church (as a person), arche should be translated "Principal Ruler".
He is the Head of the church, the Magistrate, the Leader from the dead.
What about this text?
Col 1:15____He is the First-born of every creature
This verse doesn't use the
word arche, but prototokos, which literally means the first
Prototokos, is only translated firstborn or firstbegotten and occurs only sixother times in the NT.
|When God brought the firstbegotten into the world, the angels worshipped him
|Mary brought forth her firstborn son. (Luke 2:27)
|He is the head of the body, the church, the beginning, the firstborn from the dead
|Jesus Christ...the firstbegotten of the dead
|His Son...the firstborn among many brethren.
|To the general assembly and church of the firstborn which are written in heaven
The firstborn held special significance for the Hebrews. God instructed Moses in the law of the firstborn.
|Every firstborn of man and beast was to be dedicated (sanctified) to God.
|It was the firstborn of Egypt that received the judgment of God.
What does it mean
to be the firstborn of every creature? Was Christ the first creature ever to
The Hebrew usage of firstborn helps explain this concept. The word in Hebrew is bikor: firstborn, chief son.
The firstborn received the birthright, the double blessing of inheritance.
Sadly, the history of the firstborn is a record of failure and disappointment.
|Esau was the firstborn son of Isaac.
|But Isaac was deceived into blessing Jacob the second born.
|and God called Israel (Jacob) His firstborn
|Reuben was the firstborn of Jacob.
Reuben was his might, the beginning of his strength,
the excellency of dignity and power
|But he was unstable and would not excel.
|Judah therefore became the royal line through whom Christ would descend.
|Judah's firstborn was wicked before the Lord and the Lord eliminated his birthright.
|Joseph's firstborn was Manasseh
|But Jacob blessed the second born Ephraim instead.
So often the firstborn was not always the favored son, nor the one who received the birthright blessing.
question, "Shall I offer my firstborn for my transgressions?
Shall I give the fruit of my body for the sins of my soul?"
First, we here recognize
the connection between first born and first fruit.
But a greater truth is here foretold. Micah 6:7 is actually foreshadowing The Great Firstborn.
God did give His First-born for our transgressions; the Fruit of His body for the sins of our souls.
So, the firstborn is the fruit of one's body, a child, an offspring. For example,
|The fruit of David's body were his children.
|Christ is the firstfruits of them that sleep.
The law of the firstborn is also illustrated in the law of the first fruits.
to bring a sheaf of the first fruits of their harvest to the priest
who would wave it before the Lord
|Bring the first fruits of the land and set it before the LORD the God and worship
|The seed of Abraham is Christ
Why is Christ the First-born of every creature?
Col 1:16____For by Him were all things created
Jesus was the literal firstborn of God. But He was not created because He created all things.
Rev 1:14____He is the Amen, the true witness, the Leading Ruler of the creation of God.
Father gives His name to the Son
This was given when He was begotten, before any other creatures existed.
|He obtained a more excellent name by inheritance.
|Behold, I send an Angel before thee, …obey his voice … for My name is in Him.
|I am come in my Father's name.
"Jehovah is the name given to Christ." Signs of the Times, May 3, 1899, p. 2.
Jehovah is the Most High God over all the earth.
Ps 83:18___ Thou, whose name alone is Jehovah, art the most high over all the earth.
"Jehovah, the eternal, self-existent, uncreated One, Himself the Source and Sustainer of all, is alone entitled to supreme reverence and worship." Patriarchs and Prophets 305.4, 1890
"The stately tread of the Lord Jehovah and of his Son" on Sinai. ST, Dec 11, 1879
"Jehovah is the only true God, and He is to be reverenced and worshiped." 6T p.166, 1901
Because the Son has the
name of Jehovah, He is also receives the worship of His creatures.
|A leper came and worshipped Jesus (Mark 5:6)
worshipped Him after calming the storm
declaring Him "the Son of God"
|After healing the man born blind, the man believed and worshiped Him.
|Matt 28:9, 17
|After His resurrection, the disciples worshipped Him (John 20:28,29)
|After He ascended to heaven, the disciples worshipped Him
|Angels worship Him
Exodus 6:3 "I appeared
unto Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, by the name of God Almighty
but by my name JEHOVAH was I not known unto them." Actually, it was, but not fully.
Abraham did use the name Jehovah in Genesis 22:14, "the LORD will provide" a lamb for the offering.
However, the fuller expression of that name's character was made when Jehovah delivered Israel from Egypt.
God showed Pharaoh His power "that my name may be declared throughout all the earth" Exosus 9:16.
His name, His character as Deliverer and Saviour, was progressively revealed to His people.
Solomon observed that the omnipresent God could not be confined to inhabit a man-made temple But will God indeed dwell on the earth? behold, the heaven and heaven of heavens cannot contain thee; how much less this house that I have builded? 1Kings 8:27
But Solomon reminded God of His promise that "My name shall be there" verse 28.
Later in his prayer, Solomon looked forward to a time when "all people of the earth may know thy name" vs 43.
The character of Jehovah's name is demonstrated in the many compound usages:
|The LORD will provide, see Genesis 22:14 ram caught in a thicket is Isaac's substitute
|The LORD that heals Exodus 15:26 bitter waters of Marah healed by a tree cut down
|The LORD our banner, victory Exodus 17:15 We can do all things through Christ
|The LORD that sanctifies Exodus 31:13
|The LORD our peace Judges 6:24 Jesus is the Prince of Peace
|The LORD almighty of hosts 1Sam 1:3 All power is given unto Christ in heaven and earth
|The LORD most high Psalm 7:17 Jesus is given a name above all names
|The LORD my shepherd Psalm 23:1 Jesus is the Good Shepherd
|The LORD our maker Psalm 95:6 All things were made by Him
|The LORD our righteousness Jer 23:6 Christ gives to us His robe of righteousness
|The LORD is present Ezekiel 48:35 Jesus is with us even to the end of the age
Jacob to "the man"
who wrestled with him at Peniel, "Tell me, I pray thee, thy name"
Manoah, Samson's father, made the same request to the Angel of the Lord Judges 13:8
The prophet Agur asked, "What is his name, and what is his son's name?" Prov 30:4.
Zechariah foretold a time when "there shall be one LORD, and his name one" 14:9.
Son, Jesus, inherits his Father's name.
God specified the name "Jesus" because "He shall save His people from their sins" Matt 1:21.
Jesus is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew Joshua (Ex 17:9, Acts 7:45, Heb 4:8), Jeshua (Ezra 2:2).
The name means "Jehovah-Saviour" or "Jehovah is Salvation".
|What have I to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of the most high God?
|He has by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than [the angels].
has highly exalted [Christ]
and given Him a name which is above every name
That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow…and every tongue confess
that Jesus Christ is Lord to the glory of God the Father.
Jesus is the highest, most
exalted name "above every name"
The Christian Church is identified by the name of Christ And the disciples were called Christians first in Antioch. Acts 11:26
Jesus said we would be hated among all men for His name's sake Matt 10:22
The Church at Jerusalem was persecuted for the name of Jesus Acts 5:28; 9:21
The Apostles rejoiced that they suffered shame for the name of Jesus Acts 5:41
The lame man at the gate Beutiful was healed "by the name of Jesus Christ" Acts 4:10
There is no other name under heaven among men whereby we must be saved Acts 4:12
We are to do everything in the name of the Lord Jesus Col 3:17
Signs and wonders were done by the name of Jesus Acts 4:30
We make our requests known to the Father in the name of Jesus John 14:13,14; 16:23
We gather together in the name of Jesus Matt 18:20
We are to be baptized in the name of Jesus Acts 2:38
Because Jehovah, God's
name, was in Christ.
Jesus, the Angel of God at the burning bush, claimed that name as His own.
|Jesus said to Moses, I AM that I AM.
|before Abraham was I AM. And they took up stones to stone Him.
|When Jesus said to them, I AM…they went backward and fell to the ground.
"Christ was using the great name of God that was given to Moses to express the idea of the eternal presence" EGW, TMK p. 12
"Because He was, and avowed Himself to be, the Son of God, they were bent on destroying Him." Desire of Ages p. 470
The Son also shares the title Father
us a child is born, unto us a son is given…
and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counselor,
the mighty God, the everlasting Father, the Prince of Peace.
As the divinity of
God is a Father to the humanity of Jesus,
So the divinity of Christ is a Father to His human sons and daughters, the Church.
|My servant…shall be a father…to the house of Jacob
|Jesus says, Here am "I and the children which God hath given me." Isa 8:18
|The Father gave the sheep to Christ, the Good Shepherd.
|He is our Father, and we are His offspring.
|Thus Christ is "bringing many sons into glory"
|As Paul was a "father" to his churches
|So is Jesus "to the house of Jacob"
"However much a shepherd may love his sheep, he loves his sons and daughters more. Jesus is not only our shepherd; He is our 'everlasting Father.' And He says, 'I know Mine own, and Mine own know Me, even as the Father knoweth Me, and I know the Father.' John 10:14, 15, R. V. What a statement is this!-the only-begotten Son, He who is in the bosom of the Father, He whom God has declared to be 'the Man that is My fellow' (Zech. 13:7)-the communion between Him and the eternal God is taken to represent the communion between Christ and His children on the earth!" EGW, Desire of Ages p. 483
As we honor the Son, we
honor the Father John 5:23
As we know the Son, we can know the Father John 8:19
As we believe in the Son, we belive on the Father John 12:44
When we see Jesus, we see the Father John 12:45; 14:9
Wen we receive Jesus, we receive the Father John 13:20; 14:23
If we deny Jesus, we deny the Father 1John 2:23
It was prophesied that Messiah
would come to declare the name of the LORD Ps 22:22; Heb 2:12
Jesus declared the name of the Father John 17:6, 26
Jesus was born in
the royal tribe of Judah, not Levi, yet He was both King and Priest, like Melchizedek.
Melchizedek in Hebrew means "King of Righteousness"; was also king of Salem (peace).
Jesus is the Prince of Peace (Isa 9:6), and King of kings.
|God gives Judgment to the Son
|The Father judges no man, but has committed all judgment unto the Son
|[the Father] has given [the Son] authority to execute judgment
|And yet Jesus said, I judge no man
|For we must give account of our words in the day of judgment
|For by our words we shall be justified and by our words we shall be condemned
appointed a day in the which he will judge the world in righteousness
by that man (Jesus) whom he has ordained
|In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ
|Just as God created the worlds by His Son, So He judges by His Son
So it can be said
that, in effect…
|God [is] the Judge of all
|The Ancient of Days did sit, the judgment was set and the books were opened
|We have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous
Jesus is an advocate along with His Father, both plead our case before the heavenly host.
gives His Son a Wife and children
This is beautifully expressed in the law of the Hebrew slave, the first law of Moses.
Exodus 21, immediately following the 10 commandments, begins with this precept:
21:2 If thou buy an Hebrew
servant, six years he shall serve: and in the seventh he shall go out free for
21:3 If he came in by himself, he shall go out by himself: if he were married, then his wife shall go out with him.
21:4 If his master have given him a wife, and she have born him sons or daughters;
the wife and her children shall be her master's, and he shall go out by himself.
21:5 And if the servant shall plainly say, I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free:
21:6 Then his master shall bring him unto the judges; he shall also bring him to the door, or unto the door post;
and his master shall bore his ear through with an aul; and he shall serve him for ever.
Born as "the fruit of David's loins according to the flesh" (Acts 2:30)
Jesus humbled Himself to the level of a servant (Phil 2:7; Isa 42:1).
His Father has given the Church as a wife to His Son
"espoused to one husband, presented as a chaste virgin to Christ" (2 Cor 11:2).
we "be married...to him who is raised from the dead, that we should bring forth fruit unto God" (Rom 7:4)
"But we see Jesus...in bringing many sons unto glory" (Heb 2:9, 10)
"for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren" saying,
"Behold I and the children which God has given me" (Heb 2:11, 13; Isa 8:18).
"But God, who is rich in mercy, for His great love wherewith He loved us" (Eph 2:4)
"so loved the world that He gave His ownly begotten Son" (John 3:16)
who was not simply pierced through His ears,
"but one of the soldiers with a spear pierced His side" (John 19:33)
"they pierced my hands and my feet" (Ps 22:16)
"and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced" (Zech 12:10)
"and they shall mourn for Him as for an only son"
"And every eye shall see Him, and they also which pierced Him;
and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of Him" (Rev 1:7).
And Jesus will serve His children, His brothers, and His Father forever.
Thus Jesus is both "our elder Brother" and our "everlasting Father" (Isa 9:6).
Though He has "finished the work which Thou has given me to do" (John 17:4)
and is free to "go out by himself", He says, "I will not go out free: I love my wife and my children."
Continued: They are One